Diabetes & Metabolism Conditions We Help You Manage
The dietitians at the Palos Diabetes & Metabolism Center educate patients on managing diabetes as well as other metabolic conditions that place them at risk for developing type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes occurs when blood sugar levels in the body consistently stay above normal. Diabetes is a disease brought on by either the body's inability to make insulin (type 1 diabetes) or by the body not responding to the effects of insulin or not producing enough insulin (type 2 diabetes). It can also appear during pregnancy. Insulin is one of the main hormones that regulates blood sugar levels and allows the body to use glucose (sugar) for energy. Talk with your doctor about the different types of diabetes and your risk for this disease or call our center for more information.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin at all. This form of diabetes accounts for 5-10 percent of those with diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes
The most common form of diabetes, type 2 Diabetes accounts for 90 to 95 percent of all patients with the disease. In type 2 diabetes, either the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin, which results in a build-up of glucose (sugar) in the bloodstream. When your glucose (blood sugar) is high, it can cause many severe health problems, including eye problems, kidney failure, nerve damage and heart disease if it is left untreated.
Gestational Diabetes (GDM)
GDM is defined as any degree of glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes affects up to 18 percent of all pregnancies. Although most cases resolve with delivery, 5 to 10 percent of women are found to have diabetes immediately after pregnancy and 70 percent within 10 years. Women at very high risk for GDM should be screened for diabetes as soon as possible after the confirmation of pregnancy. Women at very high risk include those who have:
- Severe Obesity
- Prior History of GDM
- Given Birth to a Large-for-Gestational-Age Infant
- Glycosuria (Glucose in the urine)
- Diagnosis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
- Family History of Type 2 Diabetes
Prediabetes is also referred to as impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or impaired fasting glucose. Prediabetes may be diagnosed in individuals whose glucose levels are not high enough to be defined as diabetes, yet are too high to be considered normal. People with pre-diabetes have a fasting glucose (blood sugar) between 101-125 mg/dl and are at high risk of developing diabetes. Research shows that if you take action through diet, exercise and weight loss when you have pre-diabetes, you can delay or prevent type 2 diabetes from developing.
More than one-third (36.5%) of U.S. adults have obesity. Obesity-related conditions include heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes and certain types of cancer, some of the leading causes of preventable death.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
PCOS can lead to serious health problems, especially for women who are obese. Health conditions that can result from PCOS include:
- Diabetes - More than half of women with PCOS develop type 2 diabetes by age 40
- Gestational diabetes (diabetes when pregnant) - Puts the pregnancy and baby at risk and can lead to type 2 diabetes late in life
- Heart disease
- High blood pressure
- High LDL ("bad") cholesterol and low HDL ("good") cholesterol - Increases the risk for heart disease
Dyslipidemia is the elevation of plasma cholesterol, triglycerides (TGs), or both, or a low high-density lipoprotein level that contributes to the development of atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is the hardening and narrowing of the arteries. It impedes proper blood flow and is the usual cause of heart attacks, strokes and peripheral vascular disease.
Causes of dyslipidemia may be genetic or secondary from poor lifestyle choices. Diagnosis is by measuring plasma levels of total cholesterol, TGs and individual lipoproteins. Management involves dietary changes and exercise.
Get Started Today
Please contact us for more information:
Palos Diabetes & Metabolism Center
Palos Health South Campus
15300 West Avenue: Suite 122
Orland Park, IL 60462